4.1.4.1. EM Data Classes

There are two main types of EM data that can be created in GIFtools.

4.1.4.1.1. EMdata

For the EMdata class, the receivers are assumed to be point measurements of EM fields (E, H) collected along the Cartesian directions. Only the transmitter type can be defined as

  • TRX_LOOP: Simple loop
    • Radius of the transmitter

    • \(\theta\) angle from vertical (0=planar loop)

    • \(\alpha\) (azimuthal) angle from North

  • TRX_ORIG: Defined by vertices
    • For purely inductive source, the first and last entry must be the same in order to close the wire path.

The EMdata class is used for:

../../../../_images/EMdata.png

4.1.4.1.2. EMsounding

For the EMsounding class, parameters describing both the transmitter and receiver are required and used in the forward and inverse problems. This is the most general format. It allows to easily store airborne data collected from transmitters and receivers of arbitrary shapes and orientations. The EMsounding is further divided into two sub-classes:

4.1.4.1.2.1. EM1Dsounding

For EM1Dsounding objects, receiver can either be defined as a dipole or loop source. The position of the receiver is set relative to the transmitter locations. The following parameters are required:

  • Along-line offset: The along-line position of receivers, relative to transmitter locations

  • Cross-line offset: The cross-line position of receivers, relative to transmitter locations

  • Vertical offset: The vertical location of the receivers relative to the surface

  • Dipole Moment: Uses a right-handed positive down coordinate system

The EM1Dsouding data class used for:

../../../../_images/create_FEM_Tx_Rx.png

4.1.4.1.2.2. EM3Dsounding

For EM3Dsounding objects, information about the position and orientation of the system are stored directly by the transmitter and receiver objects.

  • Loop transmitter/receiver: Loop transmitters and receivers must be defined in a left-handed (clockwise) manner. For example, a horizontal loop must be defined in a clockwise manner for its dipole moment to be in the vertical direction. For N loop segments, you will need to define N+1 nodes; e.g. you must close the loop. If a closed loop is used to define a receiver, the corresponding data are the magnetic field in units A/m.

  • Wire transmitter/receiver: Wire transmitters and receivers are defined using node locations without repetition of the first node.

For display purposes, the averaged receiver node locations are used to plot the data.

This data class is use for:

../../../../_images/EM3DSoundingOffsets.png